Maun Self Drive 4x4

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2013 Zimbabwe Park Fees

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on January 27, 2013 at 7:30 PM Comments comments (0)

New in 2013

· CONSERVATION FEES replace the previous Park Entry fees. These are payable at 3 levels (International, Regional & Local)

· Conservation Fees are payable DAILY on Park entry to Mana Pools, Victoria Falls Rainforest and Gonarezhou. (Tour Operators’ clients are exempt from this for the 2013 season, and pay for five days as below).

· All other Conservation Fees are a once-off payment valid for FIVE DAYS payable on Park entry. After five days a further Conservation Fee is payable. (This was previously seven days.)

· All vehicle entry fees are a once-off payment valid for FIVE DAYS payable on Park entry. After five days a further Vehicle Entry Fee is payable. (This was previously seven days.)

· The per site rate of camping fees for Exclusive campsites in Mana Pools and Hwange will be for maximum of 6 people only. Any additions will be paying per person.

· HOUSEBOAT/BOAT CRUISE OVERNIGHT FEES. This is a new charge for anyone staying overnight on a boat on a National Parks waterbody e.g. Kariba. The charge is per person per night at 3 levels (International, Regional & Local).



Reservations for Parks facilities are opened one year in advance to all clients, including Zimbabwe residents.

Clients are treated on a first come first serve basis, with payment being demanded up front.

The correct e-mail address for National Park reservations is:

Tel: +263 4 706077/8

You can also contact the following reservations clerks direct:

Christine Mhuriro:

Choice Mushunje:



These cover entry into a Park.

Fees in US$ at 3 levels as follows: International; Regional (SADC); Local Residents.

Children 6-12 years (under 6 FREE)

Vic Falls Rainforest: (NB per day)

Adult-US$30; US$20; US$7

Child-US$10; US$8; US$4

Vic Falls Zambezi:

Adult-US$15; US$12; US$5

Child-US$8; US$6; US$3


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$3

Child-US$5; US$4; US$2


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$5

Child-US$5; US$4; US$3


Adult-US$15; US$12; US$5

Child-US$8; US$6; US$3

Chinhoyi Caves:

Adult-US$10; US$8; US$3

Child-US$5; US$4; US$2

Kariba (Nyanyana):

Adult-US$10; US$8; US$5

Child-US$5; US$4; US$3


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$5

Child-US$5; US$4; US$3


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$3

Child-US$5; US$4; US$2

Mana Pools: (NB per day)

Adult-US$20; US$15; US$8

Child-US$10; US$8; US$4


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$3

Child-US$5; US$4; US$2


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$5

Child-US$5; US$4; US$3


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$3

Child-US$5; US$4; US$2


Adult-US$10; US$8; US$3

Child-US$5; US$4; US$2


All charges include 15% Value Added Tax (VAT) and 2% tourism levy where applicable.

Clients who enter into Parks Estate without paying entry/river usage fees shall be charged double the normal fees prescribed in this gazette.

1. Day rates for non-tour operator clients cover single entry into a Park. Visitors who exit before the day expires will be required to pay for re-entry on the same day

2. Tour operator clients will be allowed re-entry on production of copies of pre-submitted lists and identification details relating to entering clients (except for the Victoria Falls rainforest).

3. Private visitors and Tour Operators’ clients for Mana Pools and Vic Falls Rainforest will pay a daily conservation fee

4. Persons resident in Zimbabwe shall be charged the equivalent of the fees charged for. Persons not resident in Zimbabwe unless they produce positive identification of their Zimbabwean residence.

5. Visitors accommodated in Parks facilities and those entering and continuously staying on a water body shall pay a single day entry/River Usage fees to cover up to 5 days (except for Mana Pools and Vic Falls Rainforest where a daily rates (as at 3 above) is applicable.) River usage fees/person will only be charged where entry fees are not enforceable.

6. Resident Pensioner above 60 years to pay 50% on entry fees subject to production of Zimbabwean Citizen Identification documents.

7. Children-

(a) ALL children who are between 6 and 12 years old, pay reduced rates as shown above

(b) ALL children under 6 years old, free

(c) Teachers on educational tours with pre-school children shall pay 50% of adult conservation fees, while the bus shall pay the full amount.

(d) Secondary School children and teachers on educational tours shall pay 50% of the adult conservation and river usage fees.

(e) Primary School Children on educational tours shall pay US$1.00 per child and the teachers shall pay 50% of the adult.

8. For all 50% discounts on entry fees, if the client has no coin, children’s rates as in the entry fees schedule will apply.


Fees in US$ at 3 levels as follows: International; Regional (SADC); Local Residents.

All waterbodies:

Adult-US$8; US$6; US$3 (NB per day)

Child-US$3; US$2; US$1 (NB per day)


Cars/Pick-ups/4x4s: Foreign registered: US$15; Local registered: US$5 (US$3 in Doma, Sapi, Binga & Dande)

Minibuses (up to 25 people): Non-Resident US$30; Resident US$15 (US$ 15 in Doma, Sapi, Binga & Dande)

Trailers: Non-Resident US$10; Resident US$5 (US$3 in Doma, Sapi, Binga & Dande)

Caravans: Non-Resident US$10; Resident US$5 (US$3 in Doma, Sapi, Binga & Dande)


Buses - special permission is required and only for resident school children, senior Citizens and the disabled.

Private vehicles and minibuses for more than 25 persons, including tour buses and overland trucks, are prohibited except for Matopo and Hwange Main Camp. However they will not be allowed for touring in the Park.

Motor cycles are not allowed in the Parks Estate.

NOTE: Vehicles into Chinhoyi caves and Vic Falls Zambezi Camp lodges will not pay vehicle entry fees.



Fees (per night) in US$ at 2 levels as follows: Non-Resident; Local

Vic Falls Zambezi:

Lodge 2 bedrooms 4 beds: US$120; US$80

Bushcamps per person: US$15; US$10

Mana Pools:

Special Lodge 2 bedrooms 8 beds: US$160; US$120

Standard Lodge 2 bedrooms 4 beds: US$100; US$75

Standard Campsite/site (Nyamepi): US$100; US$75

Exclusive Campsites/site: US$150; US$115 (6 pp max – extras US$30 pp)

New Ndungu campsites per person: US$30; US$15

Chitake Exclusive Camps/site: US$200; US$150 (6 pp max – extras US$30 pp)

Nyamepi Nos: 1,2,4,7,8,10,12,13 &14 per person: US$20; US$10

Other Nyamepi sites as per Standard Campsite per site above: US$100; US$75


Exclusive Lodge 9 beds: US$120; US$75

Exclusive Campsites/person: US$25; US$15

Standard Campsite/person: US$15; US$10

Kariba (Nyanyana):

Lodge 3 bedrooms 6 beds: US$90; US$75

Campsites /person: US$8; US$5


Developed Campsites /person: US$8; US$5

Picnic (per site max 6 pp): US$8; US$5


Bush Camp/person: US$25; US$10

Platform /person: US$20; US$10

Chewore North:

Camping/person: US$20; US$12

All Park Stations:

Hiring Extra Bed per night: US$20; US$10


1. These fees are for overnight stay in the the lodges, chalets, cottages, camping and picnic facilities.

2. Provided that where firewood is the only means of cooking, one bundle will be provided for free.

3. Guests who make bookings and occupy Parks accommodation for seven consecutive nights are entitled to one free night within the continuous period.

4. Accommodation fees are inclusive of 2% tourism levy and VAT.

5. Camping and picnic fees are charged per person unless otherwise specified. All ordinary sites take a maximum of 6 people and one vehicle, Exclusive and undeveloped sites maximum of 12 people and 2 vehicles.

6. All children (6-12 years) to pay special rates for camping 50% of the adult fee.

7. Educational tours groups to be charged 50% on camping fees

8. Cancellation Policy:

a. Cancellation prior to 14 days 50% refund

b. Cancellation within 14 days No refund


FIREWOOD per bundle US$5

CANOE HIRING (max.4 hours) US$10 per hour


Fees in US$ at 2 levels as follows: Non-Resident; Local

Tour Operator’s Clients: US$35; US$10

Walk In Clients: US$40; US$15


Children (under 12 years) shall pay half the appropriate adult fee.

Tour operators fee is only applicable if the Operator brings minimum of 15 people per month for moonlight viewing


Hire of services of Authority employees for guided tours, walking and wilderness trails

(Maximum 6 people and a minimum of 3 people is required for this to take place)

Per hour or part thereof-

Guided tours (3 people or more)

Non-residents: US$10 per person per hour or part thereof

Residents: U$5 per person per hour or part thereof

Guided tours (less than 3 people)

Non-residents: US$30 per hour or part thereof

Residents: US$15 per hour or part thereof

Wilderness Trails (For more than one day, maximum of 6 people)

Non-residents: US$50 for the first three days and US$40 per day thereafter.

Residents: US$25 per day for the first 3 days and US$15 per person thereafter.



Ordinary Fishing permit Per Park per person, per day (maximum two rods & 3 hooks per day). Bag limit of 5 fish per day.

Mana Pools/Lower Zambezi: angler /day excluding river usage & conservation fees

Non-residents: US$20

Residents: US$10

Lake Kariba: angler /day excluding river usage

Non-residents: US$10

Residents: US$5

Crayfishing: US$5/day 3 nets (cray fishing nets have to be approved by Parks officials)

Angling and Motorised fishing: angler /day including river usage fees

Non-residents: US$20;

Residents: US$10



Please note that River Usage fees will only be paid where conservation fees are not enforceable. Therefore all clients accessing the Park through controlled entry points will only pay conservation fees and not river usage fees and vice versa.

Visitors overnighting on boats (e.g. houseboats) pay only Overnight Fees NOT Lake Usage Fees.

Fees in US$ at 3 levels as follows: International; Regional (SADC); Local

Boat Cruise Upper Zambezi: US$10; US$10; US$5

Rafting/Canoeing/Kayaking/Parasailing: US$10; US$10; US$5

Houseboat/Sailing Boats/Speed Boats 1-7 days( excluding fishing): US$10; US$10; US$5

Other Areas/Speed Boats/Cruise Boats Kariba/person per day: US$10; US$10; US$5

Sanyati/Ume Rivers /person per day: US$10; US$10; US$5

Binga: US$10; US$10; US$5


Fees in US$ (per person) at 2 levels as follows: Non-Resident; Local

Ultra-lite: US$8; US$5

Fixed-wing: US$8; US$5

Float-plane: US$8; US$5


Zambezi River Canoeing – Private & Tour Operator:

Non-residents: US$30/person/day (this includes US$20 on-river camping fees & US$10 River Usage fee)

Residents: US$15/person/day (this includes US$10 on-river camping fees & US$5 River Usage fee)

Canoeing – other areas (per person per day)

Non-residents: US$ 10 plus conservation and camping fees/person/day

Residents: US$5 plus conservation and camping fees/person/day


Angling: US$20.00 per person per day (includes river usage and/or conservation fees and fishing fees)

Rafting: US$25.00 per person per day (includes river usage and entry fees). Maximum 50 competitors.

Regatta: US$25.00 per person per day (includes river usage and entry fees). Maximum 50 competitors.

Sailing/Yachting: US$15.00 per person per day (includes river usage and entry fees).

Diving: Non-residents: US$20.00/person/day; Residents: US$5/person/day


Fees in US$ (per plane) at 2 levels as follows: Non-Resident; Local

Private (Non Commercial) flights per landing: US$25; US$10

Use of Hangar per day: US$30; US$20


Commercial, documentary and educational filming and photography (per day or part thereof)


a) Rainforest US$500/day

b) Other Areas US$350.00/day


a) Rainforest US$300.00/day

b) Other areas US$100.00 /day

NOTE: A copy of the research document, film, or documentary should be submitted to Parks and Wild life Management Authority and the Authority reserves the rights to use photographs, information and results of the study undertaken in its estates. All filming crew to pay applicable conservation fees at 50% of the normal rate.



Release of Impounded Items

Dingies - US$150.00

Fishing Rod - US$30.00

Note: All impounded assets will be disposed of after 3 months.

Mana Pools Wild Dog Update

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on October 29, 2012 at 7:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Latest news on Wild dog Population in Mana Pools. Data collected October 2012

Kanga Pack 12 Adults and 15 Puppies


Vundu/Rukomechi Pack 18 Adults and 9 Puppies


Long Pool Pack 9 Adults and 2 Puppies


Chikwenya Pack 13 Adults and 13 Puppies


Chitake Springs Pack 12 Adults and 2 Puppies

In addtion there reportedly is a large pack within the Chewore Safari Area. Totaling 33 dogs with approximately 18 adults

Anthrax Season

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on July 30, 2012 at 3:25 AM Comments comments (0)

Hi Everyone

After attending a meeting yesterday with the Senior Wildlife Biologist for Wildlife and National Parks – Ms Zenzele Mpofu, we have been asked to please advise all Guides operating in and around the Chobe/Linyanti area to please ensure that Guides are aware that we are now in the “Anthrax or Dry Season (July – Sep)” and they should please ensure that they do not themselves or allow their clients to touch or handle any animal bones, carcasses or dead animals whilst on Game Drive with them or in/around campsite areas or walking.

If the guides do find any new or recent carcasses that do not look like predator kills, they should please ensure that these are reported as soon as possible to Zee, Tel:6250812 or Grant/Mark at Enviro 911 Cell:71224828 or at Sedudu Gate. They should please advise a time and point of reference for where they found the carcass and if possible what state it is in i.e still whole, untouched and what type of animal i.e ele, buffalo, kudu, male/female, adult/juvenile, as this will greatly help her with the research on Anthrax in Chobe National Park.

Kind Regards



Hwange National Park to do track location and clearance

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on June 20, 2012 at 2:20 PM Comments comments (0)

The following was posted in a South African 4wd club newsletter. If you are unable to get campsites in Botswana, this may be an interesting alternative:

Greg Rasmussen, the Research Director of Painted Dog Conservation, Jane Hunt of the Lion Research Unit and Bongani Ndlovu, Wildlife Officer at

Hwange National Park HQ have jointly requested the assistance of our club. The successful opening of the Middle Jesse Road in Mana Pools last

year has lead to our club being approached by the organizations above and the objective would be to open up tracks in the west of Hwange

National Park. Both the research organizations need to be able to travel to the western boundary of the park to locate and monitor animals. The

Parks would like to be able to access the areas by vehicle as part of their anti-poaching patrols. It is also hoped that once a disused track has been

opened, there will be a few hardy tourists (or 4x4 club members) willing to venture away from the ‘racetrack’ nearer Main Camp in future. Due to

years of poor funding, low tourist numbers and other challenges, many of the tracks in the West of the Park have only been driven once or twice in

the past decade. Brush re-growth, fallen trees, long grass and erosion by weather or animals has erased any clear designated tracks in many

places. The first challenge for our club will be to locate and plot where we think the track is by using old maps, satellite imagery and some pre

expedition scouting. Once we are in the park and on the trail the work will involve navigating the correct route; making as many

kilometers of track visible and passable, in the time we have. There is 420km of track needing to be located and opened. The conservation

projects will already have been to some areas before we arrive in July. The general outline of the project will be the same regardless of which

particular section of track we work on. Mitswiri, Shakawankie, Cement, Tamafupa areas are the likely place we will work. It is a long way for most of

our members to travel just getting to Hwange NP. The area where we intend to work is then over half a day from Main Camp. For any meaningful

amount of work to be done we are going to need a core of people who can commit to a minimum 5 day expedition but I would hope that several of

us could set aside a week and allow 2 more solid days of work at the coalface. 

Proposed itinerary

We are targeting the dates of 5 – 9 July for this project. If you would like to join us please contact Pat Gill (see above). This will give the committee

an idea of the numbers we need to organize for. It is possible we will be given a waiver on both entry and camping fees by Parks. We have already

been assured we will be able to camp in the remote areas where we will be doing the work. It goes without saying that this is an incredible

opportunity for us to a good deed. It is also a fantastic chance to visit a remote section of Zimbabwe, with good friends and be able to camp in 

an extremely wild area not normally allowed. Each vehicle would need to be totally self sufficient in fuel, food and camping equipment but there will

be drinking water supplied to the expedition by Friends of Hwange. While not everyone can use a chainsaw or winch there will be work for ALL 

who can join this event. Vehicles need to be driven at walking speed while someone walks ahead with GPS or badza, meals cooked, small bushes

slashed down, holes filled in with spades etc – even a small contribution will add up to a lot done at the end of the day. If you have them please

bring along your own chain saws, etc.

Kuomboka Ceremony Cancelled

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on May 2, 2012 at 9:40 AM Comments comments (0)

The Kuomboka Ceremony will not take place in 2012. The reason given is low level of water in the Barotse Plain.

SAA plans Maun - Johannesburg daily service

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on April 28, 2012 at 3:45 PM Comments comments (0)

South African Airways (SAA) is launching  daily service on June 15 between Johannesburg and Maun.


The schedule for the daily service between Johannesburg and Maun departing Johannesburg's Tambo International Airport (JNB) at 11:45 and arriving at MUB at 1:15 p.m. Maun - Johannesburg will leave MUB at 2:00 p.m. and reach JNB at 3:40 p.m.


Chobe Waterfront Protection Plan

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on January 24, 2012 at 3:05 PM Comments comments (4)

Chobe National Park Decongestion Strategy


Effective February 1, 2012


Over 75 vehicles enter the Chobe NP at Sedudu Gate everyday. This includes day trippers, camp and lodge vehicles, mobile safari operators and self drive vehicles. Often in peak hours and high season, scenarios like what has happened in the Masai Mara and Ngoro Crater - too many vehicles on wildlife sightings and related issues, has contributed to the DWNP designing a new convuluted system to make our safari experience more difficult.


We must now deal with a reservation system of route(s) usage. Lodges, camps, safari operators will have the early morning and late afternoon hour time slots available for their exclusive use. Day-trippers and self drive, midday.

We believe the objective is to implement the plan on 'The River Bank Route' which runs along the Chobe River from Sedudu gate to Serondela.


Seasonal period                                                            Tour operators                                Self drives and day trippers

1st April – 30th September                                         Morning: 0600-0900 hrs                                    0900-1430hrs

                                                                                   Afternoon: 1430-1830hrs

1st October - 31st March                                            Morning:0530-0900hrs                                      0900-1430hrs

                                                                                   Afternoon: 1430-1900hrs


If you are booked at Ihaha campsite, you must enter at the Nantanga entrance, (also called route 15) which takes one straight to Ihaha. If you want to game drive on the regulated river front route, you must book the day and time slot, up to 7 days in advance, based on availability of space (limited to 25 vehicles in that midday time slot each day).


It is not clear yet on how one goes about booking this reservation except at Sedudu Gate. Extra fees have been proposed for each route, 3 routes in total. The safari operators, lodges and camps will have their own telephone reservation hotline and eventually via internet. 



The aim of this code of conduct is to enhance the quality of experience and safety offered to visitors to Chobe National Park and to ensure the sustainability of its ecotourism.


1. Entry into the park should always be at designated entry points where payments are made.

2. A reasonable following distance of 300 to 500m should be kept between vehicles.

3. Maximum driving speed should be 40km/hr.

4. Only four vehicles are allowed per sighting and a maximum of 5 minutes should be spent by each vehicle.

5. Parking should be done with two-side wheels on the road and the other two-side wheels off the road to avoid off-road driving.


7. Minimise disturbance to animals to avoid wilful obstruction to other park users.

8. Do not inform another of a sighting through a mobile device, radios and/or cell phones are for emergency purposes only.

9. Respect the animal’s living space; do not go too close to animals.

10. The first person at the sighting should be given priority, never block another vehicle.

11. Always stick/park to the side where the sighting is, to give way to other vehicles.

12. Slow down to avoid accidents and unnecessary dust when you approach another vehicle head on.


The complete DWNP Chobe National Park Decongestion Strategy can be downloaded from here.   

Power Point Presentation 

Mana Pools and Wild Dogs

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on September 28, 2011 at 3:15 AM Comments comments (1)

To all those interested in Mana Pools and its wild dog populations I thought I would just update you on what appears to be happening in this fantastic park. In the main game viewing areas of Mana which I include the flood plain area, Chitake Springs and Kanga Pan the dogs in all these areas are doing well and have all produced a bunch of puppies for us to be entertained by - On the flood plain area there are two packs at present one with 9 adults and 3 puppies, and the other ( Vundu Pack ) has 18 adults with 11 puppies, the pack that seems to be moving through the Kanga area and down towards the river has I am told 10 puppies and about 17 adults. Then there is a pack around Chitake Springs with 7 adults and 9 puppies.

The flood plain area is currently heaving with animals which has led to some fanatstic experiences for those there as all the predators are finding the going quite easy and regular kills have been made and all very visible and exciting. The lions in the past week have been killing a buffalo a day and sometimes two if it is a calf. The acacia pods are now starting to fall which is very late this year and this is helping to concentrate the animals onto the flood plain area and gives a surreal experience when walking through all these animals - it is quite extraordinary.

If anyone is interested in a last minute safari in October or November before the operators start closing down please let me know and I'll put a safari together for you to suit your budget and requirements.

Doug Macdonald




Massive Park Fees Hike Proposed

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on September 4, 2011 at 5:15 PM Comments comments (2)

From this weeks article in the Ngami Times By Norman Chandler:

Botswana appears to be pricing itself out of the international tourism market with a proposed whopping increase in fees for entry by land, river and air into the national parks.


The Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) has been holding meetings with industry stakeholders over their proposals, and have run up against objections from all sides.


However, according to insiders, the DWNP is likely to go ahead with the increases and many in the industry think this could result in large-scale cancellations next year as well as crippling the lucrative 4x4 tourist influx from South Africa or Namibia. “We were told it is a proposal and that our contribution to how the park fees should be structured would be welcomed.


“It is clear they have not done any proper study. Objections made were that Botswana is an expensive destination as it is, so putting up the park fees will affect future bookings,” said one participant at a meeting held at the Bocodol college in Maun last week. “The officials would also not let the industry have a copy of the proposals.”


It is understood the proposals do not affect the privatised camping areas which have their own set of charges.


Self-drive tourists into the Moremi and Chobe game reserves will have to fork out P350 per person as against the current P120 if the proposals are implemented.


Camping fees in the northern parks are set to jump from P30 to P200 per person and in the southern parks to P100. Wilderness camping will now cost P600 per person per day as against the existing P200. In the south, the fee will be P400.


Staff at lodges will be charged P500 (citizens) as against nil at present, and the residents' annual fee is proposed at P5 000.00 – a P4 000 jump.


Botswana registered cars, currently charged P10 to enter any park will cost P50 and trailers also P50, while it is proposed that foreign registered vehicles will be charged at a rate of P150, with the same amount for trailers. The biggest jump is reserved for the popular mokoro trips. The annual cost for mokoro trips has been set at P2 000 and the day rate at P25. Both categories are free at present.


The aviation sector is up in arms over the charges proposed for aircraft.


A Botswana registered plane is currently able to land for free in the parks but if the proposal goes through, this will become P600 per landing, and the annual fee – which will, say insiders, cause a major hardship for air charter companies – is set to go up from the current P1 500 to P5 000.


Foreign registered aircraft are presently charged P250 per day but this is scheduled to go up to P600 per landing. “Many air charter companies will not be able to afford these fees,” said one aviation expert.

Maun - Ghanzi Road Closure

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on September 4, 2011 at 10:45 AM Comments comments (2)

Approximately 7 kms South of Maun, near Sitatunga Campsite, the road has been washed out.

Mac and Brenda went out there Sunday. Unfortunately they were not allowed to get close, so no photos. The police had the area cordoned off and were only allowing trucks through that were involved in road repairs. The bridge may be open within about one week. There were a lot of frustrated tourists there, as well as members of the road and transport department with maps, showing them the diversion. This diversion route is via Makalamabede village and Kuke past Hainaveld Game Ranch. The track that borders the CKGR to the North.

Ban on Fresh Produce from South Africa

Posted by maunselfdrive4x4 on August 22, 2011 at 2:30 PM Comments comments (0)

From Ngami Times - Edition 566 19 - 26 August 2011

A ban has been placed on the importing of various fresh produce from parts of South Africa.


This follows the discovery of Asian Fruit Fly in the Limpopo region of that country. Limpopo borders on Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


The Botswana Ministry of Agriculture this week announced restrictions on the importation of tomatoes, citrus products, mangoes, cashew nuts, pawpaw (papaya), guavas, green peppers, watermelons, squashes, pumpkins, butter nuts, bananas, and avocado pears.


The restrictions have caused major problems for supermarkets, which this week have been scrambling to find other sources for fruit and vegetables.


According to Tshipo Moruti, the ministry's chief plant production officer, the fruit fly travels from country to country through the movement of infested fruit and vegetables. Special permits will be required for the importing of fruit regardless of quantity, all plant and plant products will only be allowed in at approved ports of entry, and travellers into Botswana will face mandatory checks at border posts and airports such as Maun, Gaborone, Kasane and Francistown.